4 Types of Coffee Beans | A Definitive Guide


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If you enjoy coffee, you’ve probably wondered how many coffee types are there and what separates them. The drink that entices us with the fragrance and taste, the savior of tired moments! Coffee has been around for 1200 centuries, but it appears to be among the earliest beverages in human history. Types of Coffee beans are now trending in approximately 70 countries. 

Focus on coffee has grown in our country in recent years. But those of us who truly understand what we’re drinking? How many different types of coffee grains are there, and what distinguishes them? Let us take a close look at the situation.

Once we believe in how coffee is labeled and marketed, we usually know how to think like baking profiles or the origin of the origin. This discussion is certainly useful in determining what to expect from a specific coffee, but that does not tell the entire story. Let’s look more closely at the various types of coffee available and what distinguishes them.

There is a variety of coffee bean species but Arabica, Robusta, Liberica, & Excelsa are the four main coffee bean types. Arabica and Robusta are by far the most common (as well as popular), but you’ll get lucky and come across the other two. Continue reading this list to learn about the characteristics to know about these delectable grains, as well as helpful purchasing advice.   

Different Coffee Bean Types:

1- Arabica Coffee Beans:

Arabica beans are the most famous type of coffee bean, accounting for roughly 60% of the world’s coffee production. These delicious chickpeas originally came from many centuries ago in Ethiopia’s highlands. Arabica is most derived largely from the beans’ popularity in 7th-century Arabia.

arabica coffee beans

The main drawback of Arabica beans is that they’re more difficult to grow. As a result, Arabica beans are more expensive. Coffee beans are grown in 50 countries worldwide so as Bean Conveyor, a region between the Tropic of Cancer. 

However, Arabica beans require additional shade, water, and a high altitude to thrive. Such coffee bean plants are more prone to plant illnesses and should be grown at a minimum elevation of 2,000 feet. They’re also relatively the smallest plants, with mature heights ranging from 8 to 15 feet.

How these beans taste like?

The majority of gourmet coffee products promote that they use only Arabica beans. Why? Arabica coffee grounds are the highest-quality variety. They are well-known for their sleek, complex flavor and lack of bitterness.

Arabica beans can have types and flavors depending on the area of cultivation ranging from ashy Indonesian to fresh flowers in Ethiopia. Select up a bag of solitary Arabica beans to dazzle your taste buds! If you are a lover of coffee drinks than don’t forget to read this master piece on different types of coffee drinks.

2- Robusta:

Robusta is the second biggest kind of coffee bean pack. Its beans origin is on the Continent and grows in Africa as well as Indonesia.  It’s also very popular in Vietnam, where people blend it into a coffee mixture. It’s a less costly wide range, making it an excellent value for roasters.

robusta coffee seeds

Robusta is bigger and more spherical than other types of beans. These plants typically reach heights of 15 to 20 feet, much bigger than Arabica plants. Robusta beans are generally tougher since they can rise at low elevations and are disease resistant. However, new research indicates that they do not manage hot air as well as originally believed.

Robusta Beans Taste:

Many people review that Robusta beans are tough and more acidic than Arabica coffee. It frequently has a strong odor and a somewhat plain, almost burnt roast flavor. Robusta beans contain far more stimulants than Arabica beans.

Though many gourmet coffee drinkers dislike Robusta, we recommend giving it a try every now and then. You could be surprised! Angels’ Cup coffee subscription provided us with an excellent Robusta bean. You can grind its fresh roast beans at home for a more delicious taste. The unexpected Thai lentils were pungent and salted, with no sour taste.

3- Liberica Coffee Beans:

Coffee Liberica is famous for its spicy floral aroma and audacious, smoky flavor characteristics. It is local to central and west Africa, particularly Liberia, thus its name. The above hardy genus usually blends with other variants to add complexity, but still, it receives little recognition. 

Liberica has risen to prominence in Southeast Asian coffee production after a fungal infection (“coffee rust”) wiped out much of the region’s Arabica crop production, which was unknown in Western civilization up until the late 1800s.

liberta a coffee type

Going to grow from a much bigger plant than Robusta or Arabica, most Liberica cranberries are infrequent in size and shape and resemble Robusta in appearance. It tolerates hot, wet climates and grows well at low altitudes. 

The bean, which is now primarily growing throughout Indonesia, Asia, and the Philippines, accounts for approximately 2% of the world’s coffee supply. Liberica beans account for more than 95% of Malaysia’s coffee output. It is, however, uncommon throughout North American as well as European marketplaces.

Taste of Liberica Beans:

Liberica coffee does have a contentious and highly divisive prestige among enthusiasts for the wild discrepancy. Those who have tried this unusual wide range whether love it or despise it. Some coffee drinkers enjoy the extraordinary, nutty, woody flavor and sneaky backbite at the end. Others liken the flavor to fired trash. I generally like this best-tasting coffee in the world

4- Excelsa Coffee Beans:

Excelsa is the fourth most important type of coffee bean. Though it was previously thought to be a distinct coffee species, it is a subtype of Liberica by scientists.

excelsa type of coffee seed

Excelsa beans grow in Southeast Asia and are looks similar to Liberica chickpeas with angular shapes. At medium altitudes, such beans sprout on huge 20 to 30-foot crops.

The flavor of Excelsa Beans:

Excelsa beans have a distinct flavor profile. They merge light roast characteristics such as tangy notes and citrusy flavors with dark roast flavors. They’re also lower in caffeine and aroma while preserving a strange depth of flavor. These unusual beans are sometimes available in mixtures even though they add richness.


To conclude this discussion about the best types of coffee beans you are now well aware that what the main coffee bean types are ranking in the world. Being a coffee enthusiast you have to be well known about the basics of coffee and what is the flavor of its different beans. Which factors make a difference between these common coffee beans. My suggestion is to go for Liberica smooth coffee profile if you are a beginner in the coffee world. But the most common types of coffee grains are Arabic and Robusta. The origin and crop production of ground coffee is an essential factor in developing a delicious aroma and flavor. You can directly purchase these coffee bean packs from their crop production units. Keep reading and have a delicious caffeine life!